Research Process

1. Define and Refine the Problem or Question

  • Identify an information need
  • Formulate and refine effective research questions

2. Locate and Evaluate Resources

  • Locate relevant sources
  • Evaluate the sources for authority, accuracy, credibility, timeliness and relevance

3. Record and Organize Data

  • Search sources effectively
  • Retrieve relevant information in an ethical manner
  • Organize findings

4. Ethically interpret and analyze data and information

  • Synthesize information and findings
  • Generate new understandings

5. Share Findings and Conclusions

  • Articulate findings and new understandings effectively and ethically
  • Reflect and evaluate on the research process

For more information on the research process, see the Maryland State Information Literacy Curriculum.